The Salmonella enterica ompS1 gene encodes a quiescent porin that belongs to the OmpC/OmpF family. In the present work we analysed the regulatory effects of OmpR phosphorylation on ompS1 expression. We found that in vivo, OmpR in its phosphorylated form (OmpR-P) was important in the regulation of the two ompS1 promoters: OmpR-P activated the P1 promoter and repressed the P2 promoter in an EnvZ-dependent manner; expression occurs from the P2 promoter in an ompR mutant. In vitro, OmpR-P had a higher DNA-binding-affinity to the ompS1 promoter region than OmpR and OmpRD55A, showing an affinity even higher than that of equivalent DNA regions in the 5'-upstream regulatory sequence of the major porin-encoding genes ompC and ompF. By analysing different environmental conditions, we found that glucose and glycerol enhanced ompS1 expression in the wild-type strain. Interestingly the stimulation by glycerol was OmpR-dependent while the effect of glucose was still observed in the absence of OmpR. Acetyl phosphate produced by the AckA-Pta pathway did not influence ompS1 regulation. These data indicate the important role of the phosphorylation in the activity of OmpR on the differential regulation of both ompS1 promoters and its impact on the pathogenesis.