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Current evidence indicates that G protein-coupled receptors form dimers that may affect biogenesis and membrane targeting of the complexed receptors. We here analyzed whether expression-deficient follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) mutants exert dominant negative actions on wild-type FSHR cell surface membrane expression. Co-transfection of constant amounts of wild-type receptor cDNA and increasing quantities of mutant (R556A or R618A) FSHR cDNAs progressively decreased agonist-stimulated cAMP accumulation, [(125)I]-FSH binding, and plasma membrane expression of the mature wild-type FSHR species. Co-transfection of wild-type FSHR fragments involving transmembrane domains 5-6, or transmembrane domain 7 and/or the carboxyl-terminus specifically rescued wild-type FSHR expression from the transdominant inhibition by the mutants. Mutant FSHRs also inhibited function of the luteinizing hormone receptor but not that of the thyrotropin receptor or non-related receptors. Defective intracellular transport and/or interference with proper maturation due to formation of misfolded mutant:wild-type receptor complexes may explain the negative effects provoked by the altered FSHRs. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.